Amnesty International questions Nigerian Government on the disappearance of Critics
Amnesty International, a human rights organisation, has urged the Nigerian government to put an end to the enforced disappearances of defenceless citizens across the country.
Many Nigerians whose whereabouts are unknown to their family are government critics, according to the organisation, making it tough to accept such fate in the face of the government’s malevolent crackdown on its’so-called’ adversaries.
It made the disclosure in a press release titled, ‘NIGERIA: Authorities Must End Enforced Disappearance’, made available to reporters on Monday being the International Day of Support for Victims of Enforced Disappearance.
Speaking on the cases of some instances of the Nigerian government’s critics that cannot be found, Amnesty International said, “The Nigerian government must urgently address the heinous crimes of enforced disappearances, to comply with Nigeria’s international law obligations, Amnesty International said today, on the International Day of Support for Victims of Enforced Disappeared.
“Families affected by enforced disappearance live through unimaginable torment. When people vanish without a trace, with the acquiescence of the state who then denies all knowledge, it’s impossible to move on.
“Each year, this symbolic day marks families’ daily wait for the truth of the fate of their disappeared relatives. The Nigerian authorities must bring them hope for justice, stop their delaying tactics and fulfil their promise to make an end of enforced disappearance.”
Another sister of a 33-year-old businessman who has been missing since August 2014 after being arrested by the police was mentioned in the statement.
The lady whose name was not revealed for security purposes said, “My brother’s disappearance affected everyone at home. We just decided to leave everything to faith, hoping he will show up one day. But we need closure, for us to know what actually happened to him. As it is now nobody knows whether he is alive or dead.”
In another instance, the organisation said, “Nigerian security forces’ attempts to clamp down on Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) militants have led to arbitrary arrests, detentions, enforced disappearances and extrajudicial executions in the South-East and Niger Delta area of Nigeria.
“The whereabouts of at least 50 suspected members of IPOB arrested in Oyigbo, Rivers state are still unknown since their arrest in October and November 2020.
“The unresolved enforced disappearances of several activists underscore the need for action. Abubakar Idris also known as Dadiyata, a vocal government critic and university lecturer was abducted in his home in Kaduna on 2 August 2019 and has not been seen since. The government has denied holding him.”
A number of persons have been reported missing after a tense meeting with security personnel, according to Amnesty International.
The statement further read, “Fifteen year-old Emmanuel John was arrested by soldiers when they raided a synagogue at Oyigbo in Rivers state in October 2020 in search of members of the Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB). His family members have searched for him without success. His whereabouts remain unknown.
“Another victim Felix Adika (44) was last seen on 27 February 2016 after he was arrested by the DSS in Bayelsa. At the time Felix had been working with other former militants in Nigeria delta region to access government amnesty payments. He was asked to go back and bring other former militants but was arrested instead.
“In March 2019 his family learned he was in DSS detention and travelled to see him. They were asked to write an application but never saw him. His wife also lost a five-month pregnancy after his arrest.
“In a similar case of enforced disappearance, Izuchukwu Okeke, 41-year-old commercial motorcycle rider was last seen on 5 July 2021 when he visited a police station in Owerri, Imo state. He was earlier arrested on June 17 2021 and released after being detained for two weeks.
“He was lured back to the station and rearrested after the police accused him of informing the relatives of other detainees about the whereabouts of their sons. The police warned his relatives that they will be shot if they ever come for his bail. Since then his whereabouts have remained unknown.
“The cases of at least 200 people – including former militants from Niger Delta, members of IPOB, #EndSARS protesters and security suspects believed to have been subjected to unresolved enforced disappearances in Nigeria have been documented by Amnesty International – The real number is believed to be higher.
“Nigerian security forces often sight the anti-terror law introduced in that it allows the authorities to hold people without charge or trial in unofficial places of detention, often without contact to the outside world in practise, clearly increase the risk of people disappearing after being detained.”
The Nigerian government and its security forces, according to Amnesty International, are not only guilty of kidnapping civilians, but also of denying justice to the innocent.
It urged the government to conduct an independent investigation into all security agents suspected of committing such crimes and to bring them to justice as soon as possible.
“Not only these tragic disappearances, but also the government’s continuing failure to establish the truth and bring justice to their families are growing stains on Nigeria reputation. Scores of disappearance cases such as this remain unresolved and cast doubt on the Nigerian government’s commitment to keeping its own citizens safe.
“Nigeria is bound by international legal obligations under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance both of which it has acceded to – to investigate, prosecute, punish and provide remedies and reparation for the crimes of enforced disappearance.
“The authorities must demonstrate zero tolerance for such crimes. They must take immediate action to end enforced disappearances and other serious violations, carry out independent, impartial and effective investigations, and prosecute those in the security forces suspected of responsibility in fair trials,” AI added.